The Pixhawk® 1 autopilot is a popular general purpose flight controller based on the Pixhawk-project FMUv2 open hardware design (it combines the functionality of the PX4FMU + PX4IO). It runs PX4 on the NuttX OS.
Originally manufactured by 3DR® this board was the original standard microcontroller platform for PX4. While the board is no longer manufactured by 3DR, you can use the mRo Pixhawk as a drop-in replacement.
Assembly/setup instructions for use with PX4 are provided here: Pixhawk Wiring Quickstart
- Main System-on-Chip: STM32F427
- CPU: 180 MHz ARM® Cortex® M4 with single-precision FPU
- RAM: 256 KB SRAM (L1)
- Failsafe System-on-Chip: STM32F100
- CPU: 24 MHz ARM Cortex M3
- RAM: 8 KB SRAM
- Wifi: ESP8266 external
- GPS: U-Blox® 7/8 (Hobbyking®) / U-Blox 6 (3D Robotics)
- Optical flow: PX4 Flow unit
- Redundant power supply inputs and automatic failover
- External safety switch
- Multicolor LED main visual indicator
- High-power, multi-tone piezo audio indicator
- microSD card for high-rate logging over extended periods of time
- 1x I2C
- 1x CAN (2x optional)
- 1x ADC
- 4x UART (2x with flow control)
- 1x Console
- 8x PWM with manual override
- 6x PWM / GPIO / PWM input
- S.BUS / PPM / Spektrum input
- S.BUS output
Originally manufactured by 3DR® this board was the original standard microcontroller platform for PX4®. While the board is no longer manufactured by 3DR, you can use the mRo Pixhawk as a drop-in replacement.
Order mRo Pixhawk from:
- Bare Bones - Just the board (useful as a 3DR Pixhawk replacement)
- mRo Pixhawk 2.4.6 Essential Kit - includes everything except for telemetry radios
- mRo Pixhawk 2.4.6 Cool Kit! (Limited edition) - includes everything you need including telemetry radios
If out of stock the software-compatible but not connector-compatible versions can be used:
- 32bit STM32F427 Cortex-M4F core with FPU
- 168 MHz
- 256 KB RAM
- 2 MB Flash
- 32 bit STM32F103 failsafe co-processor
- ST Micro L3GD20H 16 bit gyroscope
- ST Micro LSM303D 14 bit accelerometer / magnetometer
- Invensense MPU 6000 3-axis accelerometer/gyroscope
- MEAS MS5611 barometer
- 5x UART (serial ports), one high-power capable, 2x with HW flow control
- 2x CAN (one with internal 3.3V transceiver, one on expansion connector)
- Spektrum DSM / DSM2 / DSM-X® Satellite compatible input
- Futaba S.BUS® compatible input and output
- PPM sum signal input
- RSSI (PWM or voltage) input
- 3.3 and 6.6V ADC inputs
- Internal microUSB port and external microUSB port extension
- Ideal diode controller with automatic failover
- Servo rail high-power (max. 10V) and high-current (10A+) ready
- All peripheral outputs over-current protected, all inputs ESD protected
Pixhawk can be triple-redundant on the power supply if three power sources are supplied. The three rails are: Power module input, servo rail input, USB input.
Under these conditions all power sources will be used in this order to power the system
- Power module input (4.8V to 5.4V)
- Servo rail input (4.8V to 5.4V) UP TO 10V FOR MANUAL OVERRIDE, BUT AUTOPILOT PART WILL BE UNPOWERED ABOVE 5.7V IF POWER MODULE INPUT IS NOT PRESENT
- USB power input (4.8V to 5.4V)
Under these conditions the system will not draw any power (will not be operational), but will remain intact.
- Power module input (4.1V to 5.7V, 0V to 20V undamaged)
- Servo rail input (4.1V to 5.7V, 0V to 20V)
- USB power input (4.1V to 5.7V, 0V to 6V)
FMUv2 + IOv2 schematic -- Schematic and layout
As a CC-BY-SA 3.0 licensed Open Hardware design, all schematics and design files are available.
The RC IN port is for RC receivers only and provides power. NEVER connect any servos, power supplies or batteries to it or to the receiver connected to it.
TELEM1, TELEM2 ports
|2 (blk)||TX (OUT)||+3.3V|
|3 (blk)||RX (IN)||+3.3V|
|4 (blk)||CTS (IN)||+3.3V|
|5 (blk)||RTS (OUT)||+3.3V|
|2 (blk)||TX (OUT)||+3.3V|
|3 (blk)||RX (IN)||+3.3V|
|4 (blk)||CAN2 TX||+3.3V|
|5 (blk)||CAN2 RX||+3.3V|
SERIAL 4/5 port - due to space constraints two ports are on one connector.
|2 (blk)||TX (#4)||+3.3V|
|3 (blk)||RX (#4)||+3.3V|
|4 (blk)||TX (#5)||+3.3V|
|5 (blk)||RX (#5)||+3.3V|
|2 (blk)||ADC IN||up to +6.6V|
|2 (blk)||ADC IN||up to +3.3V|
|4 (blk)||ADC IN||up to +3.3V|
|2 (blk)||SCL||+3.3 (pullups)|
|3 (blk)||SDA||+3.3 (pullups)|
The system's serial console runs on the port labeled SERIAL4/5. The pinout is standard serial pinout, to connect to a standard FTDI cable (3.3V, but its 5V tolerant).
Please refer to the Devguide wiring page for details of how to wire up this port.
Most users will not need to build this firmware! It is pre-built and automatically installed by QGroundControl when appropriate hardware is connected.
To build PX4 for this target:
- ARM MINI JTAG (J6, //not populated per default//): 1.27 mm 10pos header (SHROUDED, for Black Magic Probe: FCI 20021521-00010D4LF (Distrelec, Digi-Key,) or Samtec FTSH-105-01-F-DV-K (untested) or Harwin M50-3600542 (Digikey or Mouser)
- JTAG Adapter Option #1: BlackMagic Probe, comes without cables, needs the Samtec FFSD-05-D-06.00-01-N cable (Samtec sample service or Digi-Key Link: SAM8218-ND) or Tag Connect Ribbon and a Mini-USB cable
- JTAG Adapter Option #2: Digi-Key Link: ST-LINK/V2 / ST USER MANUAL, needs an ARM Mini JTAG to 20pos adapter: Digi-Key Link: 726-1193-ND
- JTAG Adapter Option #3: SparkFun Link: Olimex ARM-TINY or any other OpenOCD-compatible ARM Cortex JTAG adapter, needs an ARM Mini JTAG to 20pos adapter: Digi-Key Link: 726-1193-ND
- USARTs: Hirose DF13 6 pos (Digi-Key Link: DF13A-6P-1.25H(20))
- Mates: Hirose DF13 6 pos housing (Digi-Key Link: Hirose DF13-6S-1.25C)
- I2C and CAN: Hirose DF13 4 pos (Digi-Key Link: DF13A-4P-1.25H(20))
- Mates: Hirose DF13 4 pos housing (Digi-Key Link: Hirose DF13-4S-1.25C)
- USB (J5): Micro USB-B
- Mates: Cell phone data / charger cables, e.g. Digi-Key Link: ASSMANN AK67421-0.5-R
Any multicopter / airplane / rover or boat that can be controlled with normal RC servos or Futaba S-Bus servos.