# BeagleBone Blue

BeagleBone Blue is an all-in-one Linux-based computer. Although it is optimized for robotics, this compact and inexpensive board has all necessary sensors and peripherals needed by a flight controller. This topic shows how to set up the board to run PX4 with librobotcontrol robotics package.

## OS Image

BeagleBone Blue images can be found here:

Information about flashing OS images can be found on this page. Other useful information can be found in the FAQ.

Optionally you can update to a realtime kernel, and if you do, re-check if librobotcontrol works properly with the realtime kernel.

The latest OS images at time of updating this document is bone-debian-9.9-iot-armhf-2019-08-03-4gb.img.xz.

## Cross Compiler Build (Recommend)

The recommended way to build PX4 for BeagleBone Blue is to compile on a development computer and upload the PX4 executable binary directly to the BeagleBone Blue.

This approach is recommended over native build due to speed of deployment and ease of use.

The PX4 build requires librobotcontrol which is automatically included in the build (but it can be installed and tested independently if required).

### Beaglebone Blue WIFI Setup

The steps are (execute on the board):

sudo su
connmanctl
connmanctl>scan wifi
connmanctl>services
#(at this point you should see your network SSID appear.)
connmanctl>agent on
connmanctl>connect <SSID>
connmanctl>quit


### SSH root Login on Beaglebone

Root login can be enabled on the board with:

sudo su
echo "PermitRootLogin yes" >>  /etc/ssh/sshd_config && systemctl restart sshd


### Cross Compiler Setup

1. First set up rsync (this is is used to transfer files from the development computer to the target board over a network - WiFi or Ethernet). For rsync over SSH with key authentication, follow the steps here (on the development machine):

1. Generate an SSH key if you have not previously done so:

ssh-keygen -t rsa

1. ENTER //no passphrase
2. ENTER
3. ENTER
2. Define the BeagleBone Blue board as beaglebone in /etc/hosts and copy the public SSH key to the board for password-less SSH access:

ssh-copy-id root@beaglebone

3. Alternatively you can use the beaglebone's IP directly:
ssh-copy-id root@<IP>

4. When prompted if you trust: yes
2. Cross Compile Setup
1. First install the toolchain into /opt/bbblue_toolchain/gcc-arm-linux-gnueabihf. Here is an example of using soft link to select which version of the toolchain you want to use:
mkdir -p /opt/bbblue_toolchain/gcc-arm-linux-gnueabihf
chmod -R 777 /opt/bbblue_toolchain

ARM Cross Compiler for BeagleBone Blue can be found at Linaro Toolchain Binaries site.
     > **Tip** GCC in the toolchain should be compatible with kernel in *BeagleBone Blue*.
General rule of thumb is to choose a toolchain where version of GCC is not higher than version of GCC which comes with the OS image on *BeagleBone Blue*.

Different ARM Cross Compiler versions for *BeagleBone Blue* can be found at [Linaro Toolchain Binaries site](http://www.linaro.org/downloads/).

> **Tip** The GCC version of the toolchain should be compatible with kernel in *BeagleBone Blue*.

General rule of thumb is to choose a toolchain where the version of GCC is not higher than the version of GCC which comes with the OS image on *BeagleBone Blue*.

1. Add it to the PATH in ~/.profile as shown below
sh
export PATH=$PATH:/opt/bbblue_toolchain/gcc-arm-linux-gnueabihf/gcc-linaro-6.3.1-2017.05-x86_64_arm-linux-gnueabihf/bin  > **Note** Logout and Login to apply the change, or execute the same line on your current shell. Follow the [Development Environment Setup](https://dev.px4.io/master/en/setup/dev_env_linux_ubuntu.html) instructions. You may have to edit the upload target to match with your setup:  nano Firmware/boards/beaglebone/blue/cmake/upload.cmake #in row 37 change debian@beaglebone.lan --> root@beaglebone (or root@<IP>)   ### Cross Compile and Upload Compile and Upload make beaglebone_blue_default upload  Without upload, files stored local in build folder. To test the uploaded files, run the following commands on the BeagleBone Blue board: cd /home/debian/px4 sudo ./bin/px4 -s px4.config  Currently librobotcontrol requires root access. ## Native Builds (optional) You can also natively build PX4 builds directly on the BeagleBone Blue. After acquiring the pre-built library, 1. Select the librobotcontrol installation directory, and set it in the LIBROBOTCONTROL_INSTALL_DIR environment variable so that other unwanted headers will not be included 2. Install robotcontrol.h and rc/* into $LIBROBOTCONTROL_INSTALL_DIR/include
3. Install pre-built native (ARM) version of librobotcontrol.* into \$LIBROBOTCONTROL_INSTALL_DIR/lib

Run the following commands on the BeagleBone Blue (i.e. via SSH):

1. Install dependencies:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install cmake python-empy

2. Clone the PX4 Firmware directly onto the BeagleBone Blue.
3. Continue with the standard build system installation.

## Chnages in config

All changes can be made in de px4.config file directly on beaglebone. For example, you can change the WIFI to wlan.

If you want to change permanently, you have to change Firmware/posix-configs/bbblue/px4.config on the Build Machine before build.

## Autostart During Boot

Here is an example [/etc/rc.local]:

#!/bin/sh -e
#
# rc.local
#
# This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel.
# Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other
# value on error.
#
# In order to enable or disable this script just change the execution
# bits.
#
# By default this script does nothing.

# wait for services to start up
/bin/sleep 25

cd /home/debian/px4

/home/debian/px4/bin/px4 -d -s /home/debian/px4/px4.config > /home/debian/px4/PX4.log &

exit 0


Below is a systemd service example [/lib/systemd/system/px4-quad-copter.service]:

[Unit]
After=networking.service network-online.target
StartLimitIntervalSec=0
Conflicts=px4-fixed-wing.service

[Service]
WorkingDirectory=/home/debian/px4
User=root
ExecStart=/home/debian/px4/bin/px4 -d -s /home/debian/px4/px4.config

Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=1

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target


### Miscellaneous

#### Power Servo Rail

When PX4 starts, it automatically applies power to servos.

#### Unique Features

BeagleBone Blue has some unique features such as multiple choices of WiFi interfaces and power sources. Refer to comments in /home/debian/px4/px4.config for usage of these features.

#### SBUS Signal Converter

SBUS signal from receiver (e.g., FrSky X8R) is an inverted signal. UARTs on BeagleBone Blue can only work with non-inverted 3.3V level signal. This tutorial contains a SBUS signal inverter circuit.

#### Typical Connections

For a quadcopter with GPS and an SBUS receiver, here are typical connections:

1. Connect the ESC of motor 1, 2, 3 and 4 to channel 1, 2, 3 and 4 of servo outputs on BeagleBone Blue, respectively. If your ESC connector contains a power output pin, remove it and do not connect it to the power output pin of the servo channel on the BeagleBone Blue.

2. Connect the above mentioned converted SBUS signal to the dsm2 port if you have the matching connector for dsm2, otherwise connect it to any other available UART port and change the corresponding port in /home/debian/px4/px4.config accordingly.

3. Connect the signals of GPS module to GPS port on the BeagleBone Blue. Note that the signal pins of the GPS port on the BeagleBone Blue are only 3.3V tolerant, so choose your GPS module accordingly.