# Offboard 模式

This mode requires position or pose/attitude information - e.g. GPS, optical flow, visual-inertial odometry, mocap, etc. RC control is disabled except to change modes. The vehicle must be armed before this mode can be engaged. The vehicle must be already be receiving a stream of target setpoints before this mode can be engaged. * The vehicle will exit the mode if target setpoints are not received at a rate of > 2Hz.

## 描述

Offboard mode is primarily used for controlling vehicle movement and attitude, and supports only a very limited set of MAVLink messages (more may be supported in future).

A stream of setpoint commands must be received by the vehicle prior to engaging the mode, and in order to remain in the mode (if the message rate falls below 2Hz the vehicle will stop). In order to hold position while in this mode, the vehicle must receive a stream of setpoints for the current position.

Offboard mode requires an active connection to a remote MAVLink system (e.g. companion computer or GCS). If the connection is lost, after a timeout (COM_OF_LOSS_T) the vehicle will attempt to land or perform some other failsafe action. The action is defined in the parameters COM_OBL_ACT and COM_OBL_RC_ACT.

## Supported Messages

### Copter/VTOL

• SET_POSITION_TARGET_LOCAL_NED

• The following input combinations are supported:

• Position setpoint (only x, y, z)
• Velocity setpoint (only vx, yy, vz)
• Thrust setpoint (only afx, afy, afz) > Note Acceleration setpoint values are mapped to create a normalized thrust setpoint (i.e. acceleration setpoints are not "properly" supported).
• Position setpoint and velocity setpoint (the velocity setpoint is used as feedforward; it is added to the output of the position controller and the result is used as the input to the velocity controller).
• PX4 supports the coordinate frames (coordinate_frame field): MAV_FRAME_LOCAL_NED and MAV_FRAME_BODY_NED.
• SET_POSITION_TARGET_GLOBAL_INT

• The following input combinations are supported:

• Position setpoint (only lat_int, lon_int, alt)
• Velocity setpoint (only vx, yy, vz)
• Thrust setpoint (only afx, afy, afz) > Note Acceleration setpoint values are mapped to create a normalized thrust setpoint (i.e. acceleration setpoints are not "properly" supported).
• Position setpoint and velocity setpoint (the velocity setpoint is used as feedforward; it is added to the output of the position controller and the result is used as the input to the velocity controller).
• PX4 supports the coordinate frames (coordinate_frame field): MAV_FRAME_GLOBAL.
• SET_ATTITUDE_TARGET

• The following input combinations are supported:
• Attitude/orientation (SET_ATTITUDE_TARGET.q) with thrust setpoint (SET_ATTITUDE_TARGET.thrust).
• Body rate (SET_ATTITUDE_TARGET .body_roll_rate ,.body_pitch_rate, .body_yaw_rate) with thrust setpoint (SET_ATTITUDE_TARGET.thrust).

### Fixed Wing

• SET_POSITION_TARGET_LOCAL_NED

• The following input combinations are supported:

• Position setpoint (only x, y, z)
• PX4 supports the coordinate frames (coordinate_frame field): MAV_FRAME_LOCAL_NED and MAV_FRAME_BODY_NED.
• SET_POSITION_TARGET_GLOBAL_INT

• The following input combinations are supported:

• Position setpoint (only lat_int, lon_int, alt)
• PX4 supports the coordinate frames (coordinate_frame field): MAV_FRAME_GLOBAL.
• SET_ATTITUDE_TARGET

• The following input combinations are supported:
• Attitude/orientation (SET_ATTITUDE_TARGET.q) with thrust setpoint (SET_ATTITUDE_TARGET.thrust).
• Body rate (SET_ATTITUDE_TARGET .body_roll_rate ,.body_pitch_rate, .body_yaw_rate) with thrust setpoint (SET_ATTITUDE_TARGET.thrust).

## Offboard Parameters

Offboard mode is affected by the following parameters:

COM_OF_LOSS_T 在丢失Offboard连接时的等待超时 (以秒为单位), 然后将触发offboard丢失的故障保护措施 (COM_OBL_ACTCOM_OBL_RC_ACT)
COM_OBL_ACT 没有 连接到遥控器的情况下, 丢失offboard连接后切换到的模式 (取值为- 0: Land, 1: Hold, 2: Return )。
COM_OBL_RC_ACT 连接到遥控器的情况下，丢失offboard连接后切换到的模式 (取值为 - 0: Position, 1: Altitude, 2: Manual, 3: Return , 4: Land)。

## Developer Resources

Typically developers do not directly work at the MAVLink layer, but instead use a robotics API like MAVSDK or ROS (these provide a developer friendly API, and take care of managing and maintaining connections, sending messages and monitoring responses - the minutiae of working with Offboard mode and MAVLink).

The following resources may be useful for a developer audience: