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Ubuntu LTS/Debian Linux 的开发环境

The following instructions set up a PX4 development environment on the Ubuntu Linux LTS versions supported by PX4. This includes: 18.04 (Bionic Beaver), 20.04 (Focal Fossa), and Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish).

Bash scripts are provided to simplify the process. They are intended to be run on clean Ubuntu LTS installations, and may not work if run "on top" of an existing system, or on a different Ubuntu release.

The supported targets are:


This setup is supported by the PX4 dev team. The instructions may also work on other Debian Linux based systems.


This video shows how to install the toolchain for NuttX and simulation targets (as covered below) along with the basic testing covered in Building PX4 Software.

Simulation and NuttX (Pixhawk) Targets


users should first read/skip ahead to the ROS/Gazebo or ROS 2 sections.

Use the script to set up a development environment that allows you to build for simulators and/or the NuttX/Pixhawk toolchain. The script installs jMAVSim on all targets, Gazebo Classic 9 on Ubuntu 18.04, Gazebo Classic 11 on Ubuntu 20.04, and Gazebo "Garden" on Ubuntu 22.04.

To install the toolchain:

  1. ubuntu_sim_common_deps.sh通用依赖jMAVSim 模拟器

    git clone --recursive

    The environment setup scripts in the source usually work for recent PX4 releases. If working with an older version of PX4 you may need to get the source code specific to your release.


  1. 运行 bash 脚本(比如运行 ): bash source 所有弹出的提示均确认通过。
    bash ./PX4-Autopilot/Tools/setup/
    • 在安装过程中确认并通过所有的提示。
    • 你可以通过传输参数--no-nuttx--no-sim-tools 来跳过 nuttx 和/或 仿真器工具的安装。
  2. 完成后重新启动计算机。

Additional notes These notes are provided "for information only":

  • If you want to use Gazebo on Ubuntu 20.04 you can add it manually. See Gazebo > Installation.

  • You can verify the NuttX installation by confirming the gcc version as shown:

    $arm-none-eabi-gcc --version
    arm-none-eabi-gcc (GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain 9-2020-q2-update) 9.3.1 20200408 (release)
    Copyright (C) 2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
  • You're going to need the PX4 source code anyway. But if you just wanted to set up the development environment without getting all the source code you could instead just download and requirements.txt and then run



The following instructions explain how to set up a build toolchain for RasPi on Ubuntu 18.04.


To build for Ubuntu 20.04 (focal) you must use docker (the GCC toolchain on Ubuntu 20.04 can build PX4, but the generated binary files are too new to run on actual Pi). For more information see PilotPi with Raspberry Pi OS Developer Quick Start > Alternative build method using docker.

本节解释如何安装 ROS/Gazebo ("Melodic") 以便与PX4一起使用。

  1. Download and requirements.txt from the PX4 source repository (/Tools/setup/):
  2. + NuttX 工具。
    bash --no-nuttx --no-sim-tools
  3. Then setup an cross-compiler (either GCC or clang) as described in the following sections.


Ubuntu software repository provides a set of pre-compiled toolchains. Note that Ubuntu Focal comes up with gcc-9-arm-linux-gnueabihf as its default installation which is not fully supported, so we must manually install gcc-8-arm-linux-gnueabihf and set it as the default toolchain. This guide also applies to earlier Ubuntu releases (Bionic). The following instruction assumes you haven't installed any version of arm-linux-gnueabihf, and will set up the default executable with update-alternatives. Install them with the terminal command:

sudo usermod -a -G dialout $USER

sudo apt-get remove modemmanager


sudo apt-get install protobuf-compiler libeigen3-dev libopencv-dev -y

sudo apt-get update -y
sudo apt-get install git zip qtcreator cmake \
    build-essential genromfs ninja-build exiftool vim-common -y
# Required python packages
sudo apt-get install python-argparse \
    python-empy python-toml python-numpy python-yaml \
    python-dev python-pip -y
sudo -H pip install --upgrade pip 
sudo -H pip install pandas jinja2 pyserial cerberus


First install GCC (needed to use clang).

sudo apt-get update

# optional python tools
sudo -H pip install pyulog

Example below for building PX4 firmware out of tree, using CMake.

git clone ${HOME}/rpi-tools

# test compiler
$HOME/rpi-tools/arm-bcm2708/gcc-linaro-arm-linux-gnueabihf-raspbian-x64/bin/arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc -v

# permanently update PATH variable by modifying ~/.profile
echo 'export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/rpi-tools/arm-bcm2708/gcc-linaro-arm-linux-gnueabihf-raspbian-x64/bin' >> ~/.profile

# update PATH variable only for this session
export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/rpi-tools/arm-bcm2708/gcc-linaro-arm-linux-gnueabihf-raspbian-x64/bin

Detailed Information

Additional developer information for using PX4 on Raspberry Pi (including building PX4 natively) can be found here:


Information about ROS 2 setup and development with PX4 can be found in the ROS 2 User Guide.

Generally speaking if you're working with hardware and don't need to modify PX4 itself, then you do not need a PX4 development environment (dependencies for working with ROS 2 are included and built into PX4 firmware by default).

You will need to install the normal development simulator environment in order to work with the PX4 simulator.

ROS/Gazebo Classic

This section explains how to install ROS 1 with PX4. ROS 1 full desktop builds come with Gazebo Classic, so normally you will not install PX4 simulator dependencies yourself!

ROS Noetic/Ubuntu 20.04

If you're working with ROS Noetic on Ubuntu 20.04:

  1. Install PX4 without the simulator toolchain:

    1. Download PX4 Source Code:

      git clone --recursive
    2. Run the the --no-sim-tools (and optionally --no-nuttx):

      bash ./PX4-Autopilot/Tools/setup/ --no-sim-tools --no-nuttx
      • Acknowledge any prompts as the script progress.
    3. Restart the computer on completion.

  2. You may need to install the following additional dependencies:

    sudo apt-get install protobuf-compiler libeigen3-dev libopencv-dev -y
  3. Follow the Noetic Installation instructions (ros-noetic-desktop-full is recommended).

  4. Intall MAVROS by following the MAVROS Installation Guide.

ROS Melodic/Ubuntu 18.04

If you're working with ROS "Melodic on Ubuntu 18.04:

  1. Download the script in a bash shell:

  2. 下载脚本

    ROS Gazebo:



  • ROS Melodic is installed with Gazebo (Classic) 9 by default.
  • 你的 catkin (ROS 构建系统)工作目录生成在**~/catkin_ws/**。
  • The script uses instructions from the ROS Wiki "Melodic" Ubuntu page.

Gazebo dependencies

Once you have finished setting up the command-line toolchain:

  • Install VSCode (if you prefer using an IDE to the command line).
  • Install the QGroundControl Daily Build :::tip The daily build includes development tools that hidden in release builds. It may also provide access to new PX4 features that are not yet supported in release builds. :::
  • Continue to the build instructions.