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PX4 Ethernet Setup

Ethernet connectivity provides a fast, reliable, and flexible communication alternative to using USB or other serial connections.

It can be used to connect to ground stations, companion computers, and other MAVLink systems. It is particularly recommended when connecting to systems that "natively" use Ethernet - for example IP radios.

This topic covers:

Supported Flight Controllers

PX4 supports Ethernet connectivity on Pixhawk 5X-standard flight controllers (and later) that have an Ethernet port. It may also be supported on other boards.

Supported flight controllers include:

Setting up the Ethernet Network

To connect systems over Ethernet you need to configure them to run on the same IP network, so that each system has a unique IP address and can find the other systems. This might be done using a DHCP server to allocate addresses, or by manually configuring the addresses of each system on the network.

There is no single "out of the box configuration" that we can provide that will necessarily work in your local network. Therefore as an example of the kind of configuration you might do, below we show how to set up the systems on an IP network with static addresses in the range 10.41.10.Xxx, where PX4 has a statically allocated address (PX4-default) and the computer has address If you wanted to connect a companion computer or other system to the network you could use a similar approach to allocate a static address.


There is nothing "special" about the network configuration (other than perhaps the tools used to modify the network settings); it works much the same as any home or business network. Which is to say that a knowledge of how IP networks work is highly desirable!

PX4 Ethernet Network Setup

PX4 uses the netman module to apply and update network settings.

The default configuration first requests an IP address from DHCP, and if that fails will fallback to the default static address You can explicitly set any static IP address (including the default address), to bypass the initial DHCP check and make the connection a little faster.

:::note If you want to use the default static IP address for PX4 you can skip forward to the next section. :::

Network settings are defined in the configuration file /fs/microsd/net.cfg on the SD card. This is a text file, that defines each setting on a new line as a name=value pair. A configuration file might look like this:


Where the values are:

  • DEVICE: Interface name. Default is eth0.
  • BOOTPROTO: Protocol for getting PX4 IP address. Valid values for proto are: dhcp, static, fallback (use DHCP but fall back to static address after time, if that fails)
  • IPADDR: Static IP address (used if BOOTPROTO is static or fallback)
  • NETMASK: Network mask
  • ROUTER: The address of the default route.
  • DNS: The address of the DNS server.

To set the above "example" configuration using the QGroundControl:

  1. Connect the flight controller to the computer with the USB cable.

  2. Open QGroundcontrol > Analyze Tools > MAVLink Console

  3. Enter commands "like" the ones below into the MAVLink Console (to write the values to the configuration file):

    echo DEVICE=eth0 > /fs/microsd/net.cfg
    echo BOOTPROTO=fallback >> /fs/microsd/net.cfg
    echo IPADDR= >> /fs/microsd/net.cfg
    echo NETMASK= >>/fs/microsd/net.cfg
    echo ROUTER= >>/fs/microsd/net.cfg
    echo DNS= >>/fs/microsd/net.cfg
  4. Once the network configuration has been set you can disconnect the USB cable.

  5. Reboot the flight controller to apply the settings.

Note that the above setup gives the flight controller an address on the Ethernet network. You also need to configure the Ethernet port to use MAVLink.

Ubuntu Ethernet Network Setup

If you're using Ubuntu for your ground station (or companion computer) then you can use netplan to configure the network.

Below we show how you write a setup to the netplan configuration file "/etc/netplan/01-network-manager-all.yaml", which would run on the same network as used by the PX4 setup above. Note that there are many more examples and instructions in the netplan documentation.

To setup the Ubuntu Computer:

  1. In a terminal, create and open a netplan configuration file: /etc/netplan/01-network-manager-all.yaml Below we do this using the nano text editor.

    sudo nano /etc/netplan/01-network-manager-all.yaml
  2. Copy and paste the following configuration information into the file (note: the indentations are important!):

      version: 2
      renderer: NetworkManager
                  addresses: []
                  - to:

    Save and exit the editor.

  3. Apply the netplan configuration by entering the following command into the Ubuntu terminal.

    sudo netplan apply

Companion Computer Ethernet Network Setup

The setup for a companion computer will depend on the companion computer's operating system.

A Linux operating system may support netplan, in which case the instructions would be the same as above, but using a unique IP address.

The Ethernet port configuration sets the properties of the serial link (which is how PX4 views the Ethernet connection). This includes the set of MAVLink messages that are streamed, the data rate, the UDP ports that a remote system can connect listen to, etc.

You must separately configure the PX4 IP address and other network settings (as shown previously).

PX4 configures the serial port to connect to a GCS via MAVLink, using the parameters shown below:

MAV_2_CONFIG1000Configure Ethernet port
MAV_2_BROADCAST1Broadcast HEARTBEAT messages
MAV_2_MODE0Send the "normal" set of MAVLink messages (i.e. the GCS set)
MAV_2_RADIO_CTL0Disable software throttling of MAVLink traffic
MAV_2_RATE100000Maximum sending rate
MAV_2_REMOTE_PRT14550MAVLink Remote Port of 14550 (GCS)
MAV_2_UDP_PRT14550MAVLink Network Port of 14550 (GCS)

Normally a companion computer would use port 14540 (rather than 14550) and stream the set of MAVLink messages specified in the Onboard profile. You can configure this setup by changing MAV_2_REMOTE_PRT and MAV_2_UDP_PRT to 14540 and MAV_2_MODE to 2 (Onboard). Note however that this will still work using the GCS profile.

For more information on MAVLink serial port configuration see MAVLink Peripherals (GCS/OSD/Companion)

QGroundControl Setup Example

Assuming you have already Set up the Ethernet Network so your ground station computer and PX4 run on the same network, and

To connect QGroundControl to PX4 over Ethernet:

  1. Set up the Ethernet Network so your ground station computer and PX4 run on the same network.

  2. Connect the ground station computer and PX4 using an Ethernet cable.

  3. Start QGroundControl and define a comm link (Application Settings > Comm Links) specifying the server address and port as the IP address and port assigned in PX4, respectively.

    Assuming that the values are set as described in the rest of this topic the setup will look like this:

    QGC comm link for ethernet setup

  4. QGroundControl should then connect if you select this link.

PX4 Ethernet Port Configuration should not be needed (the default are appropriate for a GCS).

MAVSDK-Python Setup Example

To setup MAVSDK-Python running on a companion computer:

  1. Set up the Ethernet Network so your companion computer and PX4 run on the same network.

  2. Modify the PX4 Ethernet Port Configuration to connect to a companion computer. You might change the parameters MAV_2_REMOTE_PRT and MAV_2_UDP_PRT to 14540, and MAV_2_MODE to 2 (Onboard).

  3. Follow the instructions in MAVSDK-python to install and use MAVSDK.

    For example, your code will connect to the PX4 using:

    await drone.connect(system_address="udp://")

MAVSDK can connect to the PX4 on port 14550 if you don't modify the PX4 Ethernet port configuration. However this is not recommended because the default configuration is optimised for communicating with a GCS (not a companion computer).

ROS 2 Setup Example


  • You have a supported autopilot hardware running PX4 firmware that includes uXRCE-DDS middleware. Note that PX4 v1.14 and later include the required uxrce_dds_client module by default.
  • ROS 2 has been set up correctly on the companion computer.
  • You have followed the Ethernet network and port setup as discussed at the top of this page.

To set up ROS 2:

  1. Connect your flight controller and companion computer via Ethernet.

  2. Start the uXRCE-DDS client on PX4, either manually or by customizing the system startup script. Note that you must use the IP address of the companion computer and the UDP port on which the agent is listening (the example configuration above sets the companion IP address to, and the agent UDP port is set to 8888 in the next step).

  3. Start the micro XRCE-DDS agent on the companion computer. For example, enter the following command in a terminal to start the agent listening on UDP port 8888.

    MicroXRCEAgent udp4 -p 8888
  4. Run a listener node in a new terminal to confirm the connection is established:

    source ~/ws_sensor_combined/install/setup.bash
    ros2 launch px4_ros_com

    If everything is setup correctly, the following output should be displayed in the terminal:

    ts: 855801598
    gyro_rad[0]: -0.00339938
    gyro_rad[1]: 0.00440091
    gyro_rad[2]: 0.00513893
    gyro_integral_dt: 4997
    accelerometer_timestamp_relative: 0
    accelerometer_m_s2[0]: -0.0324082
    accelerometer_m_s2[1]: 0.0392213
    accelerometer_m_s2[2]: -9.77914
    accelerometer_integral_dt: 4997

See Also